Agriculture

Address

 

42 St George Road, St. George Ontario

GPS

About the Quilt Block

Farming was the primary occupation of the first European settlers in the St. George area, and many residents continue that tradition some 200 year later. The land is generally fertile, well-watered and well-drained due to its base of glacial till. This makes an excellent environment for apples, which were once a major crop in the area. Early farms practiced mixed agriculture on a subsistence level. A farmer may have owned a milk cow or two, a horse or two for transportation and field work, a few pigs and sheep, and a small flock of chickens. All these animals needed to be fed by what the farm produced, as well as feeding the farm family. Farms would have extensive kitchen gardens as well.

As land was cleared of trees, the increase in production could be sold for profit or used to develop the farm’s herd of livestock. As farming practices evolved and settlement increased, many farmers began to concentrate on one or two types of agricultural production and relied on purchasing the commodities that they chose not to raise. This became even more common as agriculture became mechanized, and specialized machinery was required for more efficient production.

Today’s farms are usually specialized in production of a single commodity. Dairy, corn, soybeans, and small grains are commonly raised, while beef, pork, poultry, and vegetables are in lesser production. Hay is a major crop, being to feed livestock. There are also many crops and livestock grown to fill the many niche markets that are available.

The barn quilt block represents the rich fertile soil of the area at the bottom and the blue sky the appeasing climate that for agricultural crops.  The yellow background, with corn in the forefront, represents the golden harvest of the many crops grown in the area.